Pathetique may refer to: Piano Sonata No. 8 (Beethoven), in C minor (Op.13), titled Pathétique by Beethoven Symphony No. 6 (Tchaikovsky), in B minor (Op.74), also titled Pathétique by the composer’s younger brother, Modest Ilyich Tchaikovsky. source
Ludwig van Beethoven (Composer)
Born: December 16, 1770 (baptized: December 17, 1770) – Bonn, Germany
Died: March 26, 1827 – Bonn, Germany
Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers.
Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven moved to Vienna in his early 20s, studying with Joseph Haydn and quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. His hearing began to deteriorate in his late twenties, yet he continued to compose, conduct, and perform, even after becoming completely deaf.
Background and early life
Beethoven was the grandson of a musician of Flemish origin named Lodewijk van Beethoven (1712-1773) (Ludwig is the German cognate of Dutch Lodewijk) who was employed as a bass singer at the court of the Elector of Cologne, rising to become Kapellmeister (music director). Lodewijk had one son, Johann van Beethoven (1740–1792), who worked as a tenor in the same musical establishment, also giving lessons on piano and violin to supplement his income. Johann married Maria Magdalena Keverich in 1767; she was the daughter of Johann Heinrich Keverich, who had been the head chef at the court of the Archbishopric of Trier.
Beethoven was born of this marriage in Bonn. There is no authentic record of the date of his birth; however, the registry of his baptism, in a Roman Catholic service at the Parish of St. Regius on December 17, 1770, survives. As children of that era were traditionally baptised the day after birth in the Catholic Rhine country, and it is known that Beethoven’s family and his teacher Johann Albrechtsberger celebrated his birthday on 16 December, most scholars accept December 16, 1770 as Beethoven’s date of birth. Of the seven children born to Johann van Beethoven, only Ludwig, the second-born, and two younger brothers survived infancy. Caspar Anton Carl was born on April 8, 1774, and Nikolaus Johann, the youngest, was born on October 2, 1776. full read here